GRE (Graduate Record Examinations)
It is one of the world’s largest assessment programs for graduate admissions. It is a multiple-choice, computer-based, standardized exam though there is paper based too that is called the Paper-delivered GRE General Test. It is offered up to two times a year in areas of the world where computer-delivered testing is not available on the other hand a computer-delivered test is offered year-round. Its scores are accepted at thousands of graduate programs as well as master and doctorate degrees globally. Students who are seeking admission in Computer Science & Engineering colleges abroad for admissions can go for GRE, even many top Business schools and various law schools outside of Indian accepts its scores.
There are two types of GRE tests: Subject Test and General Test. The Subject Test evaluates the candidates’ ability on a particular subject such as Mathematics, Literature (English), Physics and Psychology, Biology, Chemistry, and Biochemistry (Cell and Molecular Biology). Generally, this test is required for getting admission to specialized courses. GRE General Test measures verbal reasoning, quantitative reasoning, analytical writing, and critical thinking skills. The content of the GRE consists of certain specific algebra, geometry, arithmetic, and vocabulary sections. There is no age limit set for candidates wanting to appear for their GRE exam, even it has not announced any official statement regarding qualification required to appear for GRE. However, candidates are expected to possess a graduate degree in any discipline from a recognized university. There must be a valid passport. It is a Multi-Stage Test. Performance of first section determines next level difficulty in both Verbal and Quant. Score depends on number of correct answers to the questions. The score ranges from 130 to 170 in both VR and QR. The Final score is averaged, but it does not include AW. The Analytical Writing Assessment is scored from 0 to 6. The score is valid for five years.
Duration: 4 hours (approximately)
Number of sections: 6
AW (analytical writing): number of task: 1, 30 minutes
VR (verbal reasoning): number of sections: 2, 30 minutes each section
QR (quantitative reasoning): number of sections: 2, 35 minutes each section
Experimental or Un-scored: number of task: 1, 30 or 35 minutes
Optional Break: 12 Minutes
Let us understand topic wise
first Section: Analytical Writing (AW)
AW also called essay section measures articulation of thoughts and responses to complex ideas in a clear and reasoned way. It has two tasks. Task one is to “Analyze an Issue” and another is to “Analyze an Argument.”
Issue Task: issue topics are taken from a pool of questions that are GRE own publication. The test taker is given 30 minutes to write an essay about it.
Argument Task: it is an argument that is a series of facts and considerations leading to a conclusion and the test taker is asked to write an essay that critiques the argument. Test expects to consider the argument's logic and to make suggestions about how to improve the logic of the argument. It is also hoped to address the logical flaws of the argument and not provide a personal opinion on the subject in 30 minutes.
Second & Third Section: Verbal Reasoning (VR)
It is a test of the ability to analyze written material, as well as relationships among component parts of sentences, including words and concepts. The questions appear in several formats. It assesses reading comprehension, critical reasoning, and vocabulary usage. Each verbal section consists of 20 questions to be completed in 30 minutes. The section consists of about 6 text completion, 4 sentence equivalence, and 10 critical reading questions.
Text Completion: It asks to fill in the blank to complete sentences. Variations include 1-, 2-, and 3-blank questions. Time per question is given about 1–1.5 minutes. Knowledge of vocabulary helps solving such questions.
Sentence Equivalence: It requires filling in a single blank with two choices that create two coherent sentences that are logically similar in meaning. Time per question is given about 1 minute.
Reading Comprehension: it is based on passages of one or more paragraphs that develop an explanation or argument on a topic. It expects to get central ideas presented in the text and the structure of a text, research details in the passage and draw valid inferences from it. The questions require strategic reading and paraphrasing skills. The average of 1–3 minutes on reading a passage and 1 minute per question is given.
Fourth and Fifth section: Quantitative Reasoning (QR)
This section tests basic quantitative skills, as well as the ability to reason and solve problems with quantitative methods. The questions cover basic arithmetic, algebra, geometry, and data analysis. It assesses basic high school level mathematical knowledge and reasoning skills. Each quantitative section consists of 20 questions. Each quantitative section consists of about 8 quantitative comparisons, 9 problem solving items, and 3 data interpretation questions.
Quantitative Comparison: This section expects to compare two quantities—Quantity A and Quantity B—and to identify the relationship between the two. Problem Solving
Problem Solving: The questions are standard multiple-choice questions, with five choices and one correct answer. Variants include questions that ask to select one or more answers from a list of choices (multiple-choice all-that-apply) and questions that ask to enter the answer in a box.
Data Interpretation: The question of DI work like other problem solving questions.
Final Section: Experimental section
It can be either verbal or quantitative and contains new questions that are considered to be used in future. The score is not added in main score. This section is unidentified means test takers have no definite way of knowing which section is experimental, therefore it is advised that test takers try their best and be focused on every section.
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